Wednesday, November 2, 2011

India ranked 134 in terms of human development index


India is ranked at an unimpressive 134 out of 187 countries in human development in terms of health, knowledge and standard of living although life expectancy at birth has marginally increased to 65.4 years. A UN report has placed India in the 'Medium' category of nations in terms of human development while it neighbours like Pakistan and Bangladesh have been ranked in 'Low' category with positions of 145 and 146, respectively. The Human Development Index (HDI) report, prepared by the UN Development Programme (UNDP), highlights that 'intensity of deprivation' in India was 50 per cent in terms of 'overall life satisfaction' between 2006 and 2010. The life expectancy at birth in India in 2011 was 65.4, a marginal increase over 65.1 in 2010. Expected years of schooling was 10.3, the same as in 2010, according to the report. In 'gender inequality index', India has been placed at 129 rank. In the context of education, the report notes that the female literacy percentage in 2010 was 26.6 among those aged 25 and above while it was 50.4 among their male counterparts. The HDI is a measure for assessing long-term progress in three basic dimensions of human development such as a long and healthy life, access to knowledge and a decent standard of living.
In the 2010 Human Development Report, prepared by UNDP, India had been ranked at 119 out of 169 countries. But the new report for 2011 says it is misleading to compare values and rankings with those of previously published reports, because the underlying data and methods have changed, as well as the number of countries included in the Human Development Index.
The report said India’s Human Development Index (HDI) value for 2011 was 0.547 positioning the country in the ‘medium human development category’.
Neighbouring Pakistan was ranked at 145 (0.504) and Bangladesh at 146 (0.500) respectively in terms of HDI.
It said Between 1980 and 2011, India’s HDI value increased from 0.344 to 0.547, an increase of 59 percent or an average annual increase of about 1.5 percent.
However, the report pointed that the country’s HDI of 0.547 was below the average of 0.630 for countries in the medium human development group and below the average of 0.548 for countries in South Asia.
The HDI is a measure for assessing long-term progress in three basic dimensions of human development such as a long and healthy life, access to knowledge and a decent standard of living.
The report said the “mean” year of schooling for the country increased by 3.9 years between 1980 and 2011 and expected years of schooling increased by 3.9 years.

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